Ukraine is a sovereign state. Its independence was proclaimed in 1991. Ukraine is situated in the east of Europe. The territory of Ukraine is 603 700 square kilometres. Ukraine borders on Russia, Belarus, Poland, Moldova, Slovakia, Hungary, and Romania. It’s washed by the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov and has very important ports. Ukraine is larger than France and Great Britain but considerably smaller than Russia. 5% of Ukraine’s territory is mountainous; the rest part of the Ukrainian area is flat.
The Dnieper is the main river of the country, it’s the third longest river in Europe.
The biggest cities of Ukraine are Kyiv, Kharkiv, Lviv, Dnipropetrovsk, Zaporizhzhya, Donetsk, Odessa, Mykolaiv and others.
The state symbols of Ukraine are the national flag and emblem.
Flag of Ukraine, is a rectangle divided into two horizontal stripes: blue and yellow. The colors of the flag symbolize: blue – refers to the color of the sky, interpreted as a symbol of peace, yellow - the color of wheat, symbolizes the richness of the earth. Ukraine's national colors of flags, refer to the colors of the National Coat of Arms of Ukraine.
National Coat of Arms of Ukraine (National Emblem of Ukraine) occurs in two forms: Coat small – yellow trident from the time of Vladimir the Great on a blue background; Coat of arms great – where a small shield with the coat of arms uphold on the right the lion from the emblem of the Galycky Principality, on the left Cossack with a musket, as a sign of Hetmans of / Ukraine Near Dnipro.
«Ukraine is not dead yet» (ukr. Ще не вмерла Українa), is the national anthem of Ukraine. Text was written by Pavlo Chubynsky – ethnographer and poet from Kiev, created the text in the 1862 year. The music was composed in 1863 years a priest, composer and choral director – Myhaylo Verbitsky.
The song quickly became popular all over Ukraine. During the revolution in Ukraine in 1917 was officially adopted as the national anthem of Ukraine.